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Food and physical activity are fundamental to good health for all individuals throughout life. Healthy food and regular physical activity promote good health and well-being individually and together. They also have a disease preventing effect.

Researchers suggest that a person could live to be between 120 and 150 years old. With the prevention and treatment of diseases alone, the readings are not exceeded, but the maximum age must be increased in order to achieve the body's resilience.

What are the keys to living more than 90 years?
A diet low in calories, glucose and rich in antioxidants, moderate physical exercise and little stress are some of the keys to the lifestyle shared by countries, peoples and people with maximum survival, according to the book 'Longevity and aging in the third millennium: new perspectives', edited by the Mapfre Foundation and written by the professor of Actuarial Sciences at the Carlos III University of Madrid, José Miguel Rodríguez Pardo, and the professor at the Faculty of Medicine (UCM), Antonio López Farré.

In fact, such are the habits of the inhabitants of Icaria, a Greek island where 6 out of 10 people exceed 90 , mainly due to the fresh air, the simple life, the intake of vegetables , the half- hour daily nap and their walks through mountainous terrain.

"Among these, it stands out that the person learns to lead his own life, that he lives with the maximum enthusiasm and positivism , happy people, that leads them to wish longevity and that he practices techniques such as yoga, to improve life and lower the level of stress and meditation or 'mindfullness', with beneficial effects not only physiological, but on gene expression of factors related to health and disease.

Advances in medicine
However, the increase in longevity is also marked by advances in medicine, which is now more regenerative, preventive and predictive thanks to the fact that techniques are being used to repair diseased organs and tissues , correct genes and even modify the DNA is beginning to replace the methods of traditional medicine with the goal of living longer and better.

In fact, before the first symptoms appear, science already allows us to know the individual predisposition to suffer a disease and make decisions that improve biological age, the best indicator of the real state of the organism that allows to calculate longevity and extend hope for life.

In this line, the work emphasizes that preventive medicine tries to avoid the development of diseases by controlling risk factors, and predictive medicine, finds out the diseases that a person could develop, (diseases defined in their genetic load), with the aim of establishing an early preventive treatment based on millions of physiological, genetic and molecular data, which can help in decision-making in health.

I would emphasize that if you want to live a healthy life, you should invest in lifestyles. If, despite a good lifestyle, your blood pressure and cholesterol are high, you may want to treat them. It has been shown that drug therapies have a great chance of winning: you can get decades of more life expectancy.

It would be best to adopt a healthy lifestyle as early as childhood or make a repair exercise by middle age at the latest. Lifestyle improvement always helps, but you should intervene as early as possible.